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Integration and Segregation

Charter Schools in the Twin Cities: 2013 Update (2013)

This report uses 2012-13 data and shows that charters are still much more likely to be segregated than their traditional counterparts.
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Update of IRP's 2008 Report on Charter Schools in the Twin Cities (2012)

This report updates the data underlying the 2008 report entitled Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities.
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Failed Promises: Assessing Charter Schools in the Twin Cities (2008)

This report documents that charter schools lag behind traditional public schools and intensify racial and economic segregation in the Twin Cities.
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Regional Strategies to Integrate Twin Cities Schools and Neighborhoods (2009)

This combination policy brief and research paper shows a close relationship between segregation in schools and neighborhoods and argues that policy reform for schools and housing must be closely related and regionally coordinated.
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The Choice is Ours: Expanding Educational Opportunity for all Twin Cities Children (2007)

This IRP report reveals the disturbing extent of school segregation in the Twin Cities region. However, the authors envision a brighter future if an already successful school choice program is expanded. The report describes how economic and racial segregation harm children and the region.
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Expanding Educational Opportunity Through School and Housing Choice (2008)

This research paper details the prevalence of segregation in many Twin Cities schools.
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The State of Public Schools in Post-Katrina New Orleans: The Challenge of Creating Equal Opportunity (2010)

This study examines reform in New Orleans public schools after Hurricane Katrina.
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The Effects of School Characteristics on Incarceration Rates in Minnesota (2011)

This research traces a group of inmates back to the neighborhoods where they lived when arrested and to the schools they attended to evaluate the relationship between segregation by race and income in neighborhoods and schools and incarceration.
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Racial Integration and Community Revitalization (2005)

This article, published in the Vanderbilt Law Review, uses a New Jersey court case—In re Adoption of the 2003 Low Income Housing Tax Credit Qualified Allocation—to illustrate the tension between the FHA and the siting preferences in the LIHTC statute. It highlights a deep legal and philosophical contradiction in the United States between civil rights guarantees—particularly the duty to affirmatively further fair housing—and state and federal low-income housing policy.
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Choice, Equal Protection and Metropolitan Integration (2006)

This article, published in the Fordham Urban Law Journal, recommends that land use and housing policies be marshaled to reduce residential racial segregation and concentrated poverty. Such policies should be statewide, or at least regional, in scope. Isolated policies encourage leap-frog development that in turn promotes both sprawl and racial segregation. It also argues that state legislatures must adopt coordinated policy approaches, using Oregon's comprehensive land use legislation as an example of policies that effectively promote affordable housing and decrease urban sprawl.
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Supporting Documents for Journal of Law and Inequality (2011). Article on the Minnesota Deseg Rule

Data is compiled from various sources cited in the Journal of Law and Inequality article: "Regional Strategies for Racial Integration of Schools and Housing Post-'Parents Involved.'"
Data table of School Types in the 25 Largest Metropolitan Areas
Elementary School Race Data 1995 and 2010
School types and poverty in Twin Cities Schools
Summary of Public and Private School Enrollments by Metro

Economic and Racial Segregation in Greater Miami's Elementary Schools: Trends Shaping Metropolitan Growth (2003)

by Myron Orfield, Anne Discher, and Thomas Luce (Brookings Institution's Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy Survey Series, August 2003)
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